腹水の鑑別

Uptodateから

よくあるのは門脈圧亢進症によるものや悪性腫瘍(腹膜播種)

その他稀なものは以下

Infectious
Amebiasis
Ascariasis
Brucellosis
Chlamydia peritonitis
Complications related to HIV infection
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pseudomembranous colitis
Salmonellosis
Whipple’s disease
Hematologic
Amyloidosis
Castleman’s syndrome
Extramedullary hematopoiesis
Hemophagocytic syndrome
Histiocytosis X
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Mastocytosis
Multiple myeloma
Miscellaneous
Abdominal pregnancy
Crohn’s disease
Endometriosis
Gaucher’s disease
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis
Myxedema
Nephrotic syndrome (in children, adults with nephrotic syndrome and ascites usually have another cause such as cirrhosis)
Operative lymphatic tear or ureteral injury
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
POEMS syndrome
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Ventriculoperitoneal shunt